OPPERT, JULES JULIUS (1825–1905), French philologist, Orientalist, and archaeologist. Born in Hamburg, he studied law but changed to Oriental languages. He migrated to France where he continued his research on Old Persian and Assyrian and became a recognized authority in his field. In 1851 he was invited to join a sponsored expedition to explore Mesopotamia. The results of this expedition contained Opper's definite identification of the site of ancient Babylon, and appeared in a two-volume report, Expédition Scientifique en Mesopotamie (1859–63), which received a prize for the most significant discovery of the year. In 1869 Oppert joined the Collège de France, first as instructor in Assyriology, and then in 1874 as professor of Assyrian philology and archaeology. His studies in various branches of Oriental learning included Indo-Iranian, Sumerian, Elamitic, and Assyriology, in which he became a founder and preeminent authority. He discovered and deciphered numerous historical, astronomical and religious inscriptions, juridical documents, contract tablets, and collected material for his history of the Chaldean and Assyrian civilizations. He made decisive contributions to the decipherment of cuneiform inscriptions and together with E. Hinds, H. Rawlinson, and F. Talbot was one of the pioneers in the recovery of Babylonian cuneiform. His profound knowledge of Assyriology was signified by his participation together with the scholars mentioned above in the historic experiment arranged by the Royal Asiatic Society in 1857 when a separate decipherment made by them of one identical Assyrian Royal Inscription proved the sound basis of Assyriology. Oppert continued to be most active in the field and participated in the lively dispute on the origins of the Sumerian language (see also mesopotamia , Assyriology). He also interpreted Assyrian, Median, and Persian history and mythology. He was one of the founders and an editor of the Revue d'Assyriologie et d'Archéologie Orientale (1884– ) and one of the contributing editors of the Zeitschrift fuer Assyriologie on its establishment in 1886. Among the honors that came to him was election to the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres in 1881, and later to the presidency of this body. Both he and his younger brother Gustav salomon oppert , philologist and Indologist, had a strong interest in Jewish affairs. jules oppert was a member of the administrative executive committee of the Société des Etudes Juives and contributed to its journal, the Revue des Etudes Juives. He was also involved in the activities of the Alliance Israélite Universelle and the Jewish Central Consistory. He was interested in biblical scholarship and wrote studies on the Book of Esther and Judith and the chronology of Genesis (1877). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Muss-Arnolt, in: Beitraege zur Assyriologie und semitischen Sprachwissenschaft, 2 (1894), 523–56, incl. bibl. to 1891; K. Bezold, in: ZA, 19 (1905), 169–73. (Ephraim Fischoff)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Julius Oppert — Jules Oppert Jules Oppert Naissance 9 juillet 1825 Hambourg Décès 21 août& …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jules Oppert — Naissance 9 juillet 1825 Hambourg Décès 21 août  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Julius Oppert — Jules Oppert, auch Julius Oppert, (* 9. Juli 1825 in Hamburg; † 19. August 1905 in Paris) war ein deutsch französischer Altorientalist. Jules Oppert wurde am Johanneum in Hamburg ausgebildet. 1844 begann er in Heidelberg zu studieren. Nachdem er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jules Oppert — Jules Oppert, auch Julius Oppert, (* 9. Juli 1825 in Hamburg; † 19. August 1905 in Paris) war ein deutsch französischer Altorientalist. Leben Jules Oppert, der aus einer jüdischen Familie in Hamburg stammte, wurde am Johanneum in Hamburg… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oppert — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Georg von Broich Oppert (1897–1979), deutscher Diplomat und Politiker Gustav Salomon Oppert (1836–1908), deutscher Indologe und Orientalist Jules (Julius) Oppert (1825–1905), deutsch französischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • OPPERT, GUSTAV SALOMON — (1836–1908), German Orientalist and Indologist. Born in Hamburg, younger brother of   the assyrologist Julius (Jules) oppert and of Ernst Jacob Oppert, merchant and traveler, Oppert studied languages, literature, philosophy, and history in Bonn,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Oppert — Oppert, Hebrew: אופרט‎ Family name Meaning from archaic German masculine given name ot beraht (wealthg + bright) adopted from Oppenheimer (Germanized) Region of origin Germany (north eastern Brandenburg, Berlin) Lan …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Op — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Digraphia — In sociolinguistics, digraphia refers to the use of more than one writing system for the same language.[1] Some scholars differentiate between synchronic digraphia with the coexistence of two or more writing systems for the same language and… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Ehrenbürger von Bad Kissingen — Das Ehrenbürgerrecht ist die höchste Auszeichnung der unterfränkischen Kreisstadt Bad Kissingen. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Die Ehrenbürger der Stadt Bad Kissingen 2 Einzelnachweise …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”